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Nauru

  • Capital Yaren (no official capital)
  • International airport(s) Nauru International Airport, Yaren
  • Official language(s) Nauruan
  • Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
  • Time UTC +12
  • Region Pacific
GeographyClimateEconomyCulture
Nauru is a small island country in Micronesia, in the South‐West Pacific, surrounded by coral reef. It is the third smallest country in the world and the smallest outside of Europe. It is also recognized as the smallest republic of the world. The highest point of the island (Command Ridge) rises 71 m above the sea level. Only the coastal areas of Nauru are fertile. Nauru is the only country in the world without an official capital. The parliament meets in Yaren.
The climate of Nauru is hot and humid throughout the year, with constant rains and no dry season. Annual average rainfall is about 2 400 mm. On average, there are no months with rainfall below 150 mm, with this figure rising from December to January to 250 mm or more. The monthly average temperature is very stable at 28 °C with daily lows around 24‐25 °C and highs around 30‐31 °C. Nauru is outside of the path of tropical cyclones. -—
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The economy of Nauru is based on phosphate mining and the processing of coconut products. Nauru is also known as a center of offshore banking. In addition, the government gets revenue from the sale of fishing rights. Nauru's GDP is heavily dependent on industry, which accounts for 38 per cent, of which, mining is the dominant activity. Services account for about 60 per cent of GDP with trade, restaurants and hotels contributing over 20 per cent to GDP. Nauru's principal export destinations are Nigeria, Australia, Japan, Republic of Korea and New Zealand. -—
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Nauru's GDP per capita is the second highest among the Pacific SIDS with more than US$12 000 in 2019, current prices.
Music and dance are the most popular traditional art forms in Nauru. Handicrafts and clothing, made of coconut trees, are typical. Nauruan cuisine has a strong Chinese influence. Traditional Christmas cakes are made of banana and coconut.

The majority of the population speak English, which is commonly used as the language of administration, even though English is not an official language of Nauru.

The most popular sport in Nauru is Australian football. A traditional sport, specific to Nauru, is catching birds by lassoing them when they return from the sea to the island in the evening.

Nauru is the smallest member nation of the International Olympic Committee and has competed at the Olympic Summer Games since 1996. Weightlifting is the traditional Olympic sport of Nauru.
Land areakm2
Arable land%
Forest area%
Coastline
lengthkm
Exclusive economic zonekm2
Nearest
neighbourkm
Economic trendsMaritime transportPopulationInternational tradeEnvironmentInformation and communications technology
Gross domestic product
US dollars at constant prices (2015) in millions
GDP per capita

2019

US$

Productive Capacity Index

2018

Economic and environmental vulnerability index

2019

Consumer Price Index growth

2019

%

Unemployment
rate

Total %
Female %, Male %
Main economic sectors, 2019
Percentage of GDP
Tourist arrivals
Thousands of tourists, percentage of GDP
External financial resources
Percentage of GDP
Public debt as % of GDP

2018

%

Fleet size
Number of ships
Ship type20112019
Total fleet1 4071 407
Oil tankers264266
Bulk carriers311333
General cargo16177
Container ships5249
Other types of ships619682
Port performance
Ranked by 2019 data within SIDS group
Indicators2019SIDS Ranking
Number of port calls036
Median time in port (days)031
Average age of vessels036
Average size (GT) of vessels036
Container port throuput

2019

TEU

Bilateral connectivity index, 2019
Top 5 partners
Liner shipping connectivity index
Maximum China Q1 2006=100
Total population
Thousands of people, share of urban population
Population development indicators
IndicatorsPeriodValue
Poverty headcount (% of population)20120.9
Human development index2018..
Human assets index202086
Adult literacy rate (15+ years, both sexes %)....
Gender inequality index20100.8
Life expectancy at birth

years

Population density

2019

persons per km2
Dependency
ratio

2019

Child:
Old-age:
Age structure by gender, 2019
Percentage of total population
Merchandise and services trade
US dollars in millions
Indicators20052010201520192019 (% of GDP)
Merchandise exports350111914.3
Merchandise imports2520913627.1
Services exports042200
Services imports073700
Trade openness
Goods and services

% of GDP

Export concentration index

2019

Food import
dependency
Average 2015-2019

Top 5 partners in merchandise trade, 2019
Exports in millions US dollars
Merchandise exports by product group, 2019
Services exports by category, 2019
CO2 emissions per capita
Kg per capita
CO2 emissions per GDP
Kg per 2010 US$ of GDP
Renewable energy share in total energy consumption, 2017
Percentage of total energy consumption
Material
footprint
per capita

2016

kg

Terrestrial
protected
area

2018

%

Marine
protected
area

2018

%

Disasters indicators
Data not available
Trade in ICT goods

Exports: %
Imports: %
Trade in ICT services

Exports: %
Imports: %
Share of
internet users

%

Fixed broadband vs Mobile broadband subscriptions
Number of subscriptions per 100 people
Sources
Source of data: -—
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except indicators listed below.
References
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    Donec tincidunt vel mauris a dignissim. Curabitur sodales nunc id vestibulum tempor. Nunc tortor orci, sodales nec eros eget.
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    Donec tincidunt vel mauris a dignissim. Curabitur sodales nunc id vestibulum tempor. Nunc tortor orci, sodales nec eros eget.
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    Donec tincidunt vel mauris a dignissim. Curabitur sodales nunc id vestibulum tempor. Nunc tortor orci, sodales nec eros eget.
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    Donec tincidunt vel mauris a dignissim. Curabitur sodales nunc id vestibulum tempor. Nunc tortor orci, sodales nec eros eget.
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    Donec tincidunt vel mauris a dignissim. Curabitur sodales nunc id vestibulum tempor. Nunc tortor orci, sodales nec eros eget.